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What couples should know

Infertility in men and women: possible causes and diagnostic methods

Causes in the woman

hormonal disorders, tubal and uterine problems, endometriosis and unhealthy lifestyle habits.

Causes in man

Hormone imbalances, ejaculation problems, genetics, lifestyle habits or sperm quality.

Fertility diagnostics

In the case of an unfulfilled fertility, both the woman and the man are usually examined.


When do we speak of an unfulfilled fertility?

At least one year

An unfulfilled fertility is when a couple cannot achieve pregnancy despite regular unprotected sexual intercourse for at least one year.

The procedure

Treatment with us: This is how it works

Diagnostic process

Medical examinations and tests to assess the physical health of women and men.

Specific tests to diagnose infertility, e.g., hysterosalpingography, laparoscopy, sperm DNA fragmentation analysis, and hormonal stimulation testing.

Treatment options
Deciding on the appropriate treatment option based on the diagnosis.

Counseling on various treatment options, such as hormone medications, insemination, or fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization (IVF).

Implementation of the treatment
Start of treatment according to the decision in step 2

Regular review of progress and adjustment of treatment as needed

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Cycle monitoring

Monitoring the menstrual cycle to determine the optimal time for sexual intercourse.

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Ultrasound/fallopian tube diagnostics

Examination to identify obstacles to pregnancy, e.g. blockages in the fallopian tubes.

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Examination of the inside of the uterus to identify structural abnormalities or other problems that could affect pregnancy.

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Medical discipline that deals with the study and treatment of male reproductive problems and plays an important role in the diagnosis of infertility.

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What are the reasons behind?


Women's fertility decreases with age due to the limited number and poorer quality of eggs, especially after the age of 35.

Hormonal problems

Hormonal imbalances can cause fertility problems in women and men, such as irregular ovulation, poor egg quality, low testosterone levels, or poor sperm quality.

Physical problems

Physical problems such as endometriosis, PCOS, tubal occlusion, fibroids, or testicular inflammation can interfere with conception or implantation of the embryo.

Lifestyle factors

Smoking, alcohol and drug use, unhealthy diet, being overweight or underweight, lack of sleep and excessive stress can all affect fertility.


How the disease affects fertility

Endometriosis is a condition in which the lining of the uterus grows outside the uterine cavity and can cause pain and infertility.


How can I encourage pregnancy?

Tips to improve fertility and increase the chances of pregnancy.

Healthy diet
A balanced diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables and whole grains can help regulate hormone balance and promote fertility.
Stress avoidance
Stress affects hormone production and can disrupt the menstrual cycle, but relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation or exercise can help relieve stress.
Regular sexual intercourse
To increase the chances of pregnancy, couples should have regular sexual intercourse during the fertile window, which is in the middle of the menstrual cycle.
Avoidance of harmful substances
Smoking, alcohol and drug use, and taking certain medications can affect fertility and should be avoided.
Physical activity
Regular physical activity regulates hormonal balance and improves fertility, but over-exertion and extreme training should be avoided.

The ABC of the fertility

What to expect and what to look out for

Causes in man

Unfulfilled fertility in men can be due to various causes.

Legal basis

The Embryo Protection Act regulates the handling of developing human life.